1. Asian medical students are, by and large, children of highly educated immigrants.
|Taken from https://www.aamc.org/download/142770/data/aibvol9_no10.pdf|
2. Asian medical students tend to come from high income families, similar to Whites.
|Taken from http://01f21cf.netsolhost.com/underserved/higher_income_distribution.htm|
3. Although Asian medical students overall tend to have highly educated parents, the relative advantage of having highly educated parents is smallest in Asians.
This fact is not immediately apparent from the raw data, as Asian medical students have on average the highest socioeconomic background of all races.
If we assume that educational level distribution of population at large shown in the above table roughly holds true for people who have medical school age children, we can calculate that Asians with graduate-school educated fathers have 7.3 times higher probability of going to medical school than Asians whose parents don't have college degrees. [Calculation method: (61/24)/(16/46)=7.3 grad-school educated 24% of the fathers produce 61% of medical students, while 46% non-college fathers produce 16% of medical students] This ratio is 13.4 for Whites, 13.7 for Blacks, and 17.2 for Hispanics. It is 14.95 for the population as a whole.
Conversely, we can say Asians with fathers without college degrees are least disadvantaged in getting into medical school compared to students of other races with fathers without college degrees. Combined with the general over-representation of Asians in medical schools, we can conclude that Asian students are substantially more likely to overcome low parental educational attainment to become medical students.